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  • For a basic validation condition you can use the Expression Builder, which is described in the Beginner Tutorial
  • Whenever you are referring to the value of the question to which you are adding the validation condition, you will see the question referred to as "."
  • Common components of a validation condition might be the use of = , >, and <. For example:
    • . > 8 (the response must be greater than 8)
    • . =! 0 (the response cannot be 0)
    • . > 1 and . < 10 (the response must be greater than 1 and also less than 10) 
  • Restricting the length of a numeric ID or text field you can use the function string-length() (for more information on functions see CommCare Functions)
    • To require a specific length (example: 8 characters long): string-length(.) = 8. NOTE: This length count includes spaces. 
    • To restrict the length of a string to a range of characters (example: 7-9 characters long): string-length(.) >=7 and string-length(.) <=9
  • To validate a date relative to today's date you can use the function today():
    • Restrict a date entered so that it cannot be in the future (must be today or earlier): . <= today()
    • Restrict a date such that it must be within the previous 10 months (305 days): . > today() - 305 and . <= today()
  • To require the user to enter in a text entry question in a specific format, you can use various regex functions. 
    • Requires the first letter be capitalized, and all other letters be lowercase: regex(., "^[A-Z][a-z]+$")

If you want to create complex expressions please see Advanced Validation Conditions.