# Overview

It may be useful to increment counters in a case values, the typical example being the number of visits or consultations a patient received. The case stores the number of consultations received and each form stores a number of the consultation received at that time. Such counters are implemented with a couple of hidden values in the form and a single case value.

## General Approach

We will walk through a very simple example where we count the number of times that a home visit form has been completed.

### Set up the Form

The visit form will need to have a **hidden value**.

Hidden value name | Description | Calculate Condition | Explanation of Calculation Condition |
---|---|---|---|

count | Each time the form is opened, this hidden value will calculate how many times the form has been filled out | coalesce(#case/visit_count, 0) + 1 | This hidden value will use coalesce to determine whether the case property visit_count has any value. If it does, it will add 1 to it, if it does not then it will take 0 and add 1 to that. You can imagine the first time the form is completed it will add 1 to 0 = 1 The second time it will take the case property value (1) and add 1 = 2 And so on... |

**Set up the Case Management**

After you form is set up you will need to link your case properties. You will want to take the value of home_visits each time, add one, and save it to the case again.

## Example: Counting ANC Visits

Let's take an example of Ante Natal Care (ANC) visits.

- Create a hidden value (
`anc_number)`

to compute the current ANC number`by`

adding 1 to the case property`anc_number`

- Since the case property
`anc_number`

can be blank in the case of a first ANC, we need to use the coalesce function:`coalesce(#case/anc_number, 0) + 1`

`Explained Step by Step`

To count or keep track of ANC visits in follow-up forms, do this…

- Create Hidden Value
**anc_number** - Set up your case management to save
**anc_number**to the case - In the form question
**anc_number**, in the calculate condition, type:**coalesce(#case/anc_number,0)+1**